Keynotes

Preliminary – subject to change

  1. How engineers will save the world

David Fork and Ross Koningstein, Google
https://spectrum.ieee.org/engineers-you-can-disrupt-climate-change

  1. Carbon Neutrality, On Building Advanced Carbon Metering Infrastructure: Measurement, Analysis, and Optimizations

Shiyan Hu, University of Southampton

  1. Climate Risks and Solutions

Paul Werbos

 


How engineers will save the world

David Fork and Ross Koningstein, Google

Abstract:

The International Panel on Climate Change reported that to remain within a 1.5 °C warming limit, net greenhouse gas emissions need to be reduced to zero by 2050.  Doing so by 2050 with carbon-free energy, energy use changes and carbon sequestration presents a host of challenges.

In our 2021 article in IEEE Spectrum we outlined many of the engineering tasks that can keep us busy in the coming decades.  The rate and extent to which global net emissions decline depends both on which solutions get developed and deployed and also on filling significant research gaps in order to realize a full climate solution.

In this talk we will share insights about where we are with respect to some of these challenges and identify where innovations are needed in science, engineering and policy.

Bios:

David Fork is a Renewable Energy Technologist at Google where he did solar receiver assessment on the Renewable Energy Cheaper than Coal (RE<C) project and intelligent inverter control on the Bottom up Grid (BUG) projects. He also designed the Google Bike. He currently serves within Google’s Climate and Energy Team. Before Google he was a Principal Scientist at the Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) where he was instrumental in several start up ventures, including two in solar energy. He graduated Summa Cum Laude from the University of Rochester in 1987 with degrees in Physics and Electrical Engineering. He completed his Ph.D. from Stanford University in Applied Physics in 1991.

He has studied and worked primarily on thin film electronic materials and devices. His research activities include complex oxide epitaxial thin films, laser crystallized display materials, organic electroluminescent devices, semiconductor LEDs and lasers, electronic imaging systems, micro-electromechanical systems and photovoltaic devices. Dr. Fork holds over 80 issued US patents and has authored over 100 publications.

Ross Koningstein was Google’s first director of engineering, and has worked on Google’s first energy efficient data centers, renewable energy, advanced nuclear energy and also carbon aware computing.

 


On Building Advanced Carbon Metering Infrastructure: Measurement, Analysis, and Optimizations

Shiyan Hu, Professor and Chair in Cyber-Physical System Security at University of Southampton UK

Abstract:

In this talk, we will discuss the advanced carbon metering infrastructure from the cyber-physical system perspective, which includes carbon emission measurement, analysis and optimizations. In a smart low-carbon community, partial carbon emission data are first collected by sensors, which are then fed into aerodynamic simulations and cross entropy optimization for constructing the complete carbon emission profile for the whole. Partial Observed Markov Decision Process and the transformer based learning can be then leveraged to perform the correlation analysis to provide support for prediction and optimizations for carbon emission and decision making for carbon reduction. Finally, we will conclude the talk with future research directions in this topic.

Bio:

Professor Shiyan Hu received his Ph.D. in Computer Engineering from Texas A&M University in 2008. He is the Professor and Chair in Cyber-Physical System Security at University of Southampton. His research interests include Cyber-Physical Systems and Carbon Neutrality, where he has published more than 150 refereed papers, including 70+ appeared in IEEE Transactions.

Prof. Hu is an ACM Distinguished Speaker, an IEEE SYSC Distinguished Lecturer, a recipient of U.S. National Science Foundation CAREER Award, and a recipient of IEEE Computer Society TCSC Middle Career Researcher Award. His publications have received a few distinctions such as the 2018 IEEE Systems Journal Best Paper Award, the 2017 Keynote Paper in IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design, the March 2014 Front Cover Paper in IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience, etc.

He is the VP Technical Activities of IEEE TEMS, Chair for IEEE Technical Committee on Cyber-Physical Systems, and Chair of IEEE Technical Committee on Carbon Neutrality. and the Editor-In-Chief of IET Cyber-Physical Systems: Theory & Applications. He is an Associate Editor for IEEE TCAD, ACM TODAES, IEEE TII, IEEE TCAS II, ACM TCPS and a Guest Editor for 8 IEEE/ACM journals including Proceedings of the IEEE (PIEEE) and IEEE Transactions on Computers. He has held chair positions in various IEEE conferences and served as TPC subcommittee/track chair for DAC, ICCAD, DATE, and ASPDAC. He is a Member of European Academy of Sciences and Arts, a Fellow of IET, and a Fellow of British Computer Society.

More information about him is at http://personal.southampton.ac.uk/sh2e19/

 


Climate Risks and IEEE Solutions:  Much stronger than they told you

Paul Werbos

Abstract:

From my years running Adaptive and Intelligent Systems  and Electric Power Research at NSF (until 2015) , I learned that new technologies — some well proven and grounded in work centered in the IEEE Power and Energy Society — would allow us to stop climate destruction much sooner and faster, and at lower cost, than any of the schemes we have heard from policy gatherings like COP26 or legislation anywhere on earth, including even the 2009 Obama climate bill which I evaluated for an office of the US Senate in 2009. Based on my talks and papers on the risks and solutions (http://www.werbos.com/climate_extinction_risk_and_solutions.htm), the IEEE/Wiley Series Editor for Power and Energy asked me to organize an edited book, by creating new connections and dialogue between all the players who are truly at the scientific and technical front lines of the risk and of the new solutions. This was an incredible learning experience, bringing out risks, near-term opportunities and optimal tradeoffs  no one on earth knew about before these discussions and new networks. This talk will give an overview of the most important highlights, and opportunities for action.

From the Preface:

When Kumar asked us to organize a new book, to connect the real science, climatology, engineering and economics to address the worst risks coming to us from climate change, even we did not realize how much we had to learn by putting the pieces together, even in the study of climate risks themselves. We did not realize just how serious and near-term the biggest threats actually are. We did not yet know how many critical pieces need to be connected together in ways they have never been connected before, both to understand and reduce the threats.

In August, 2021, Metta Spencer (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metta_Spencer), a leader of Canadian futurist groups, asked what we really know from the very most solid science about the risk that climate change might actually become serious enough to endanger the existence of the human species. The key challenge was to bring together people who had never put the relevant pieces together to assess how bad the risk might be. This discussion, at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SMp9a0PwL3o, was a great eye-opener to us. But it was only just an opening.

We now know that the most important mass extinctions of life on earth in past history were caused by outgassing of H2S (a poison twice as potent per ppm as hydrogen cyanide) from the oceans.  The H2S was mainly produced by a type of microbe which has different names in different scientific communities, but resulted from two conditions in deep ocean waters: (1) low oxygen; and (2) a high concentration of  certain nitrates, such as phosphates, which need to be studied in greater depth.

We are now much more worried than we were at the start of this project, in part because of what Ward and Werbos learned from Wadhams about changes in ocean currents (in the youtube video!), but in part because of new information about mass extinctions in the past and data on nutrient flows in the ocean today.

 


 

 

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